O Poder Monádico


monadic power

How to Cite

Leal, H. (2020). O Poder Monádico. Political Observer | Revista Portuguesa De Ciência Política, (12). https://doi.org/10.33167/2184-2078.RPCP2019.12/pp.55-74


Engaging in a simple question — how to justify the individual’s political resilience under the pressure for conformity exercised over him by the group? — the author proposes a new approach to the fundamental concept of Time and to its interpretation by Man and a retrieval of the leibnizian concept of monade. The article argues that Time is anthropologically understood under three forms: the greistical one, concerning aggregates; the idistical, where we can place individual temporality; and the logical form, where meaningful narratives are created, including the political ones. To each of them a form of power is inherent, without superiority of one over the others. Due to that, monadic power, unyielding and seen as an essentialist expression of individual power finds no sense in subjugating to collective power.



Agamben, G. (1998). O Poder Soberano e a Vida Nua. Lisboa, Portugal: Editorial Presença.

Arendt, H. (2001). A Condição Humana. Lisboa, Portugal: Relógio D’Água.

Aristóteles (1984). Politics. In J. Barnes (Ed.) The Complete Works of Aristotle (4265-4568). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bergson, H. (1946). The Creative Mind. New York City, NY: The Philosophical Library.

Beyer, C. (2016). Edmund Husserl. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/husserl/ (acedido em 3 de Novembro de 2017).

Carvalho, A. D. (2000). A Contemporaneidade como Utopia. Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento.

Clément, E., Demonque, C., Hansen-Love, L. & Kahn, P. (1997). Dicionário Prático de Filosofia. (2.ª ed). Lisboa, Portugal: Terramar.

Correia, C. J. (2012). Sentimento de Si e Identidade Pessoal. Lisboa, Portugal: Centro de Filosofiada Universidade de Lisboa.

Deutsch, K. (1965). The Nerves of Government. New York City, NY: The Free Press.

Espinosa, B. (1992). Ética. Lisboa, Portugal: Relógio d’Água.

Espinosa, B. (2007). Teological-Political Treatise. New York City, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Guthrie, W.K.C. (1962). A History of Greek Philosophy: The Early Socratics and the Pythagoreans. Vol. I. Cambridge, Reino Unido: Cambridge University Press.

Foucault, M. (2000). Power. New York City, NY: The New York Press.

Habermas, J. (2005). The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. Malden, MA: Polity Press.

Han, B. (2014). Psicopolítica: Neoliberalismo y Nuevas Técnicas de Poder. Barcelona, Espanha: Herder.

Hauriou, M. (1970). The Theory of the Institution and The Foundation - A Study on Sovial Vitalism. In A. Broderick (Ed.), The French Institutionalists: Maurice Hauriou, Georges Renard, Joseph T. Delos, (93-124). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Husserl, E. (2008). Introduction to Logic and Theory of Knowledge – Lectures 1906/07. Dordrecht, Países Baixos: Springer.

Husserl, E. (2013). Meditações Cartesianas e Conferências de Paris. Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: Editora Forense.

Lawlor, L. (2016). Henri Bergson. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2016/entries/bergson/> (acedido em 5 de Novembro de 2017).

Leibniz, G. (2016). Monadologia. Lisboa, Portugal: Edições Colibri.

Look, B. C. (2017). Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2017/entries/leibniz/> (acedido em 1 de Dezembro de 2017).

Maltez, J. A. (1996). Princípios de Ciência Política: Introdução à Teoria Política. Lisboa, Portugal: Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas.

Maltez, J. A. (2007). Metodologias da Ciência Política: O Estado à Procura do Político. Lisboa, Portugal: Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas.

Maltez, J. A. (2014). Abecedário de Teoria Política - Ideias e Autores dos Séculos XIX e XX. Vol.I. Lisboa, Portugal: Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas.

Platão (s.d.). A República. (14.ª ed). Lisboa, Portugal: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.

Prélot, M. & Lescuyer, G. (2000). História das Ideias Políticas. Vols. I. e II. Lisboa, Portugal: Editorial Presença.

Rawls, J. (1999). A Theory of Justice: Revised Edition. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Reis, J. (2007). Sobre o Tempo. Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento.

Schmitt, C. (2015). O Conceito do Político. Lisboa, Portugal: Edições 70.

Voegelin, E. (1982). A Nova Ciência da Política. Brasília, Brasil: Editora Universidade de Brasília.

Voegelin, E. (2000). The Political Religions. New York City, NY: University of Missouri Press.

Walzer, M. (1999). As Esferas da Justiça. Lisboa, Portugal: Editorial Presença.

At the moment of the article submission, it is required to the author(s) declare to agree with the conditions and norms of Political Observer - Revista Potuguesa de Ciência Política, as well as guaranteeing the inedited and original character of the text submitted to scientific evolution. Thus, the author(s) declare to accept the instructions and conditions of publication of the journal, sharing with this the author’s rights, respecting the duties of copyright and ceding to the journal the rights over the first publication of the text in its printed and digital version.

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. The partial or integral publication and sharing of the text (in institutional repositories, book chapters, periodical publications, social media and professional platforms in the areas of science and research, among others) determines the quotation of the initial publication in the journal and the hyperlinking to the website of Political Observer - Revista Potuguesa de Ciência Política, resorting, to that effect, to the available information in the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) system.

Political Observer incentives the sharing and distribution of the work published by the authors in the journal, raising the impact factors and the number of registered quotes, this way contributing to an open (https://www.ciencia-aberta.pt/) and accessible science (http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/portals-and-platforms/goap/open-science-movement/). Published works are under a Creative Commons License - Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International .

Licença Creative Commons